Photo: Getty More than three hundred people were killed in terrorist attacks in Sri Lanka

“Islamic state” has claimed responsibility, but local authorities suspect the Tamils, who in 1983 sparked the civil war.

In Sri Lanka Catholic Easter Sunday there was the most massive terrorist attack in the history of the country.

The explosions took place simultaneously in three churches and three expensive hotels. Killed more than 300 people. Responsibility for the attack has taken the group “Islamic state”.

After one of the bloodiest ethnic conflicts in Asia ten years have passed and the former Ceylon attracted a lot of tourists that became one of the main sources of income of the island nation.

If the authorities recognize that in Sri Lanka came to international will terrorisim, travelers can leave the island without income. Корреспондент.net tells details.

 

Eight attacks

A black day in the history of Sri Lanka before independence in 1948 had time to visit the Portuguese, Dutch and British colony, became Easter morning April 21.

The first explosions took place in the Church of St. Anthony, located in the center of the capital Colombo, in the Church of St. Sebastian in Negombo (35 km from Colombo) and the Zion Church in Batticaloa (the Eastern part of the island).

Attention! Frames contain shocking scenes of death and are not recommended for people with sensitive psyche. 18+

In addition, objects of a coordinated attack were located in the largest city of Sri Lanka, five-star hotels, Shangri-La, Cinnamon Grand and Kingsbury.

The seventh and eighth attack was made a few hours later, one of them being in the suburbs of Colombo’s zoo, where Sunday is especially crowded. There, three policemen were killed.

According to the latest data, the victims of the attacks was 321 people, including 45 children; more than 500 people were injured varying degrees of severity. Was ubiti 38 foreigners, in particular, three children co-owner of online retailer Asos, Danish billionaire Anders Holch of Poulsen.

Monday at the bus stop in a busy shopping district Petta was found 87 detonators for homemade bombs. In hot pursuit police arrested 40 people, including Syrian.

After the terrorist attacks in the country temporarily blocked the social network, imposed a curfew, and decided to declare a state of emergency. Tourists, meanwhile, massively refuse trips.

 

Who was behind the attack

Initially, the authorities had the version that the attacks carried out by acting on the island a little-known Islamist group National Thowheeth Jamaath. The investigation revealed that all seven suicide bombers were Sri Lankans.

But in Colombo doubted that local terrorists could independently, without outside assistance, to organize such a large-scale terrorist attack.

“We do not believe that this attack could carry only a group of people from our country,” said Sri Lankan Minister, expressing the assumption that “the explosion involved an international network”.

The Minister of defence of Sri Lanka Ruwan Wijewardene said the attack was carried out by local extremists in response to the recent attack in new Zealand Christchurch.

On his Twitter page he stated that he had asked the government to immediately amend the list of terrorist organizations National Thowheeth Jamaath.

On Monday also it became known that the investigation of terrorist attacks in Sri Lanka at the request of local authorities, the Interpol is connected.

NTJ, most likely, is a division of Indian Muslim organizations Thowheed Jamaath. The headquarters is the latest in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, it also has branches in the Gulf countries where there are Tamil communities.

On 23 April, the terrorist organization “Islamic gosudrastvo” has claimed responsibility for the attack, but any evidence was not presented.

 

Kollosalny failure of the intelligence agencies

Foreign intelligence services had warned Sri Lanka about imminent terrorist attacks. The first data from the intelligence services of several countries (in particular from USA and India) power received 4 April – they talked about the potential for suicide attacks against churches and tourist spots. Five days later, there is evidence that training leads Thowheed Jamaath.

Representatives of the government of Sri Lanka acknowledged that the warnings from foreign intelligence services continued until the day of the attacks. However, no active actions were undertaken, and Prime Minister Wickramasinghe Ranilo not even reported about the reports from abroad.

The President of Sri Lanka Maitripala Sirisena April 23, said that before the end of the day will dismiss the heads of all agencies responsible for security in the country.

 

Ethnic conflict in Sri Lanka

Today in this predominantly Buddhist country there are more than two million Catholics, is seven percent of the population. The island has a large number of Catholic churches left by the Portuguese, who first landed in Sri Lanka in 1505.

But Christians in the country, there are two large minorities: Tamils professing Hinduism (about 12 percent of the population) and Muslims (about ten percent) – the descendants of merchants from Northern India, which appeared on the island about ten centuries ago.

They are all in a difficult relationship with the Buddhist majority (Sinhalese) and with each other. Thrive on the island, the Buddhist radical groups that want to “protect” Sri Lanka from other religions.

Hindus-Tamils in the late 20th century created a militant organization, the liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, who for 26 years led the war for independence. They have staged attacks across the island and in India.

Hundreds of Tamil activists disappeared in internment camps, others were killed during the massacres. Both sides are accused of war crimes, and the case is still not closed.

The civil war in Sri Lanka ended ten years ago, but the memory of that massacre is still alive – especially among residents of the capital of the country. During the civil war, there often occurred the powerful explosions in the airports, bus stations, banks, cafes and hotels.

Cinnamon Grand, one of those hotels where Sunday’s bombings, in the past has exploded. It was in 1984, when it was known as the Lanka Oberoi.

At the end of the civil war that ravaged Sri Lanka for more than 25 years (1983-2009 70 thousand dead and 140 thousand missing persons), tourism grew rapidly and established itself as the main source of income.

 

 

 

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