© Рixabay/ChadoNihi

On the eve of the ecological debt August 2, 2017, the environmentalists reminded of the debt of people in the Land, according to a press release from the world wildlife Fund (WWF).

“Our planet’s resources are not infinite. To conserve biological diversity and achieve harmony between man and nature in the face of rising population and increasing demand for biological resources is the main challenges of our generation,” concluded the chief coordinator of the program “Green economy” WWF Paul Fighting.

Ecological debt day is celebrated on 2 August 1970. 2 August 2017, it is estimated that humanity uses more resources than nature can recover. Consumption is increasing every year. For the first time ecological debt was recorded December 29, 1970. In 2015, ekodoma day fell on August 13, 2016 August 8.

Half the fertile territories transformerait to agricultural land . According to WWF, 20% of Russian biological resources (pastures, forests, arable land, fisheries) are used in food production.

The expansion of agricultural land is detrimental to biodiversity. For example, in the far East, soybeans have drained swamps, inhabited by the Oriental stork. The production of soybeans and beef are the principal causes of the loss of the habitats of the animals in the tropical savanna Cerrado and other ecosystems in South America. According to WWF, the production of power is the cause of the release of 25-30% of the world’s greenhouse gases.

Environmentalists also note that more than one third of produced food in the world is thrown away. Annual losses are estimated at 1.3 billion tons. Most products are thrown in the developed countries.

As environmentalists say, we need to develop sustainable agriculture and forest management. “Agriculture, dietary preferences and food security are an integral part of the solution to reduce the burden on our planet. Our goal is to ensure that agriculture and aquaculture sustainable development without compromising the conservation of biodiversity and the adaptation to climate change,” said Battles.

The Fund, in particular, calls to introduce a system of environmental certification for food products. Similar standards have been developed for soy (Round Table on Responsible Soy, RTRS), palm oil (Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil, RSPO), wild fish (Marine Stewardship Council, MSC) and aquaculture (Aquaculture Stewardship Council, ASC). WWF has launched a campaign “Day ekodoma”, which encourages responsible production and consumption of food.

Material provided by the project of “1”.