Legendary film Tatiana Lioznova “Three poplars at Plyushchikha” is 50 years old. The premiere, which was filmed on the story of the writer and playwright Alexander Borschagovsky, took place on 29 April 1968.

The story of two razminuvshis the people and not the incident, love was eternal. The film became a classic and was ahead of its time. The picture touches the soul so far.

But few know that the main character Nura, played by Tatiana Doronina was a real prototype. Anna Gorbunova still lives in the village Kuzminki on the Oka river. Her husband is a former light Keeper. And it really often traveled to Moscow to sell the ham and stopped at sister-in-law.

On the eve of the anniversary of the pictures of the special correspondent “MK” was found with a woman that served as the prototype of the legendary Nura, passed by the places where was born the idea of the film was shot iconic scenes.

The role of Nura and Sasha in the film was performed Tatiana Doronin and Oleg Efremov .

Ryazan village Kuzminki stands on the Oka river. From the high Bank is clearly visible bend of the river with its numerous Islands. On the banks of birch and pine groves, streams with beaver dams. No wonder that such a picturesque place in the 60-ies was chosen by the writer Alexander Borschagovsky.

— Mikhalych came to us for the summer, — says the resident of the village of Vladimir Ivanovich. — His distant relatives in the Kuzminsky was giving. In this house the writer rented one of the rooms. A lot of walking around the neighborhood, were surprised once constructed by the efforts of the villagers, collective farm power plants, fished, chatted with the locals. Said that he’s interested in the Outback and the lives of ordinary people.


The writer and playwright Alexander Borschagovsky.

And in 1966 he published a collection of short stories Alexander Borschagovsky. And the first was a story about a village woman the Nura — “Three poplars on Shabolovka”. Residents of Kuzminki recognized her as Anna Fyodorovna Gorbunov, 50 years as a post office telegraphist. The incident occurred when the heroine’s own name, changed only the first name. In the story, she became Anna.

— When two years later, in 1968, came the film “Three poplars at Plyushchikha”, we just gasped — say the villagers. — Everything was definitely on our Nura and her husband-the light Keeper. In Gregory, and in fact his name is Nikolai. But the essence is the same: the same tight-fisted, inflexible in life and hoarding. Wife only heard from him: “Money save”. We have Kuzminki for detachment and being socially awkward it is called an Island.

The old-timers of the village agree: it is pinned nick the Nura, piled on her large farm. And she is an orphan, where to go? From the hard work she had blackened fingers, aching tendons, aching lower back. And Nicholas himself had served in an independent, free people — vakansii. Rarely in the house the whole day been.

Pointing to the house where I live Gorbunovy, in the village administration warned: “do not go Alone. They will not open. Gate they always locked, the chains are wrapped. No joke, Anna F. — 86 years, Nikolai Vasilyevich —87 minutes gone.”

I escorted a social worker, Lyudmila Ivanovna. The house owners are not invited, in the hall there is a table. Here are to talk. Opposite Anna in a flowered handkerchief. She had the same burned in the meadows Cunha eyebrow, which is described in the story. Years already a lot, and look — outdoor, naughty, eye — clean blue. When the husband hiding behind the door she pulls on the shoulders a scarf, the tension subsides, it is instantly transformed. From the hostess in the hall, as Alexander Borschagovsky, “bottled gold, matte light and wormwood, bitter smell of herbs”.

Slowly, her hands resting on the table, Anna says, as a child lost her mother:

When I was 4 years old, sister Claudia — 9. Father a year later brought home by his stepmother and soon they had a daughter together, and we have — sister Tamara. In 1941 his father was taken to the front. Accompanied with his accordion. The war years were hard, Divovo nearby were bombed, but even the younger students were going to mow the haystack, weeding the vegetables. Father wrote from the front that carries a horse a field kitchen to the front. Managed to send us a parcel with crêpe de Chine dresses. And on 12 February 1945 in East Prussia, he came down on a mine and died. Little did not live to see the Victory. And we got two more plywood box with the dresses. Parcels sent already colleagues of the father: apparently he had time to tell them about our bitter fate.

How to live then? Consider the orphan. After school he went to work in a hospital as a nurse, mopping the floors, carried out disinfection. Here I Nicholas noticed. He was accidentally shot in the leg and came to the hospital for treatment. He was a prominent accordion. I was a dancer, loved to sing, my voice was good. We have them in Konstantinovo on the spree ran with the girls from the neighboring village. And then the night fled back three kilometers in Kuzminki… Remember in 1953, when I was posvetili, Konstantinova I saw the mother of the poet Sergei Yesenin, who was sitting by the window.

Code married with Kolya began to live with his parents konezavodchik on the farm, in the meadows. There they stood guard house. My husband’s father and mother were backenstose. This profession has mastered and husband. We fished, kept a large household. Once, during a flood, the house broke the ice, hit a wall in the whole house went. I thought that it will carry us. But nothing happened, the rogue under the pressure slipped, gone…

Our conversation is interrupted. In the house a door slams. On the threshold appears the owner, instructs his wife: “not Much idle talk!”

Seizing the moment, starts to ask Nicholas, what Anna was young.

— Just a picture: a blonde, chiseled nose! — confessed Nikolai. — We have our entire lives on the river had lived. My grandfather was a light Keeper, and then the parents lights on oke lit. Before the lamps were kerosene. Father used to drink, the mother will climb up the pole, and the wind blowing, rain lashing, she lights, lights the match, one after another. All boxes will acircuit until the lamp will light.

The war wounded were taken into the boat in the direction of Ryazan, then transported to Bitter. In the flood meadows were a lot of dead… Day and night steamers with barges went. We used to come to the barge with grain, asked: “do you want some milk to take?” They have no money, they asked: “Grain?” Where it was rattling? Took off their pants, tied at the bottom of the leg and poured inside the grain.

I was a teenager, 14 years old, imprisoned for pilotage. I on the Oka, on the site Ryazan Beloomut, every Bush knew. Then graduated from technical school, he worked first on a small boat, with a further 20 forces moved to 90 and 150. The vehicle had three people: captain, sailor, mechanic. I — in charge. On duty days through two. The buoys had been standing batteries on the solar cells.


photo: Svetlana Finds
Anna and Nikolai Gorbunov.

Post-war life began to improve. In the Gorbunov family were born two daughters. Anna got a job working in the mail.

— The room was small, heated with wood, the soot everywhere, — says the hostess. — I worked as a telephone operator. Sometimes, sitting at the switchboard, lightning, storm paddles. As the thunder hit, my head ringing. But headphones can’t be removed, it is necessary to answer… There was a military part. Guys-draftees come for the letters. And I remember calling Colonel Novak shouts: “Where are my carriers?” And the soldiers asked me: “Aunt Nura, let us go to the river.” I wrote them back, told the Colonel: “the Car has not come yet, waiting…”

— How did you meet with writer Alexander Borshagovskiy?

He came to the village for the summer, came in the mail, asks: “what’s your name?” And I was in the village all Nurmi called. Even Nura. Only the groom was called one-armed Anna Feodorovna. When told this writer, he remarked: “He admires you, honors your beauty”. It is wonderful to hear. No I’ve never said that before… With the capital guest was easy. He asked simply, casually, how I got to these parts? How I lived, who my husband, who works? Windows mail was a kid. I was sitting behind the switch, a bad review. Only then, when I stood up, I saw him on the knee is a notebook, and he there writes something.


Nura, she is Anna, in her youth.

We met with Alexander, and he became every night to me in the mail to go. I’m on duty until midnight, and he’s sitting next to a Pro-life asks. In our building, through the wall, there lived a postmaster Vasily Petrovich family. It felt to say the word “Nura, what he committed to you? So these get-togethers was the last time.” I answered: “Vasily Petrovich, you are the boss, you tell him yourself and tell”. For those long summer evenings I writer as the spirit of his whole life told. Told about his childhood, about marriage. Told about the economy. How did the home ham. I often village asked: “Anya, come to us, salt the ham”. Remember, I go into the house of ham in the entire table are Taken… on the move for work. It was thought that my arm easy. Ham is always a noble work. Never refused.

Part of his ham I went to sell in Moscow. In a suitcase — and at the station. All by herself. And who will go? The husband is constantly on the river. Stayed with sister-in-law, sister’s husband. Only ham was not to Danilovsky market, like in the story of Alexander Borschagovsky and Cheryomushki. There often went to sell and then apples.

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— Learned that became a prototype of his story “Three poplars on Shabolovka”?

— Alexander Mikhailovich told us. A year later, said: “Well, Nura, watch this movie about himself”. I have come to lament: “Oh, for God’s sake, don’t…” then Very upset, didn’t want to be known by the whole country.

— Meeting with the driver Sasha was?

— No. It’s all glossed over.

My companion begins to noticeably worry shifts lying on the table the pictures from one envelope to another and back.

Earlier, the villagers shared with me that Anna then could really tell the writer about the meeting with the capital’s taxi driver in Moscow. Although then found the keys to the apartment on a date and did not go. Trusting Nura did not expect that Alexander Borschagovsky describe all of this in the story, and later in the script. When the story became public, for fear of the temper of her husband, Anna started to deny everything.

However, many in Kuzminki and those who believe that no taxi driver was not. Alexander Borschagovsky wrote a story largely about yourself. And the name of the hero gave the same Sasha. That summer pushed the life of the writer with the Telegraph by Nura. He was struck by her naturalness and unspent tenderness. A chance encounter could lead to both great joy. But twist of fate happened. Everyone had a lot of commitments and its own well-established life.

In the story Alexander Borschagovsky the main character tells the Nura: “are Not you afraid, Anna. You’re afraid of poor life. Caught once, but life was not.” When she shows her work-worn hands, lamenting that she and breathe something once, a taxi driver Sasha takes her hands in his. And “in light of his shaking was so tender and gentle, what Nura had not known all my life.”

Was that scene actually, as he described it in the story Alexander Borschagovsky, or is it all just a fiction of the author, we seem to never learn.

The money for this film, the writer seems to have grabbed a good — says just peeping out of the room Nikolai. Only messed up he was there a lot. My sister, Lubov, whose wife stayed when I went to trade in the market, was not a simple worker, a chief accountant in management. Her husband was the chief engineer, never hit her and did not serve time in prison.

As for the trade, it was true. Except for Moscow, we also traveled by boat in Beloomut, there is a large market. Drove lamb. I used to rustoleum every last kilogram, come home to celebrate…

— And you spoke with Alexander Borshagovskiy?

I was with him intimately does not rotate. Once faced on the river. The writer fished near the vet, and the swinging, spinning, hit a hook in the back of the Head. Blood was!.. We minder was close, pulled out a first aid kit, iodine and bandages. In the course went the knife. Pulled the hook, he bandaged the wound. Vet with fright ran away. But this writer did not miss: his bandaged neck remained on fishing on the Oka river. Then he came to us to see how everything works. Went to the site, said that everywhere and in everything order.

— The main character, in your opinion, like in the movie your wife?

— The same! Nura I have the same nimble was. We watched the movie four times. Sometimes, after the regular show was on TV at the village and heard the following: “Look, nick, with Nurmi as photographed in the cinema go…”

And you portrayed believable?

— Gregory in the film the cloak which we wear when going out in bad weather on the river. Noticed that its still in the skin of fish roll. Like all was well.

And Anna after, in her own words, “I flew in movie”, continued to send Alexander Borschagovsky parcels with smoked bream in Moscow.

River is close, just need to go down from the high Bank, — says the hostess. We fished near the dam. The network threw for half an hour a bucket of fish. Salted it, was selling… When I had bream writer, from them came the strong smell, the fat tech. I wrapped the fish in paper and then in a few packages. Alexander Mikhailovich sent a letter of thanks. Somewhere it’s been yesterday all searched, but the message as sunk in the water.

After the premiere of the film writer in Kuz’myns’ke more to come.

— It’s amazing, I again was faced in the metro in 1983, when he traveled to Moscow, — says Anna. — He descended on the escalator I was going up. On seeing him, began to wave hand to shout: “Alexander!..” He by that time was already deaf, did not respond. We missed each other.

Second time in my life.

In 2006, Alexander Borschagovsky did not. He died at the age of 92 years. Last years he lived and worked in the writers ‘ village Krasnovidovo. He scored a lot of plays, stories and novels. But in popular memory, he remained primarily as the author of the script of the film “Three poplars at Plyushchikha.”

Daughter Gorbunov, Tatiana and Nadezhda, left]. One now lives in Istres, and the other in Moscow.

The cottage, where he lived at the family writer very good way for the new buildings now hardly discerned. There, according to local residents, is second cousin of the writer Sergei.

“Horse-drawn” now, to Fish, to take then a train to Moscow, not to get. In Kuzminki left the horses. To the administrative center are now running bus and high — speed trains.

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With trepidation you watch the film “Three poplars at Plyushchikha” and inhabitants of the house №5 on the Rostov embankment in Moscow. It was here, in the courtyard of the Stalinist skyscraper built in the form of a horseshoe, was filmed many scenes of the picture.

— If from our house to go on the 6-th Rostov lane, after 200 metres you hit the legendary Plyushchikha, says local resident Irina. I remember in 1967, went assistant Director and asked would anyone put themselves to the crew. I went to our apartment, but the filmmakers were not satisfied with the view from the window. Then they settled on the third floor, fourth in the parade. There is a window just out on the road, where the main character waited for the taxi driver. The owners have vacated the apartment for the filming, and themselves at this time moved out to the country…

As told to us by the locals, the famous House of the architect, the Director chose to shoot it is no coincidence: Tatyana Lioznova she at that time lived in the left wing of the building. In the 1960-ies to the main building with the two sides just rubbed at the three entrances. The audience in the house was appropriate — entirely creative. In the upper floors housed the workshops, where the assembled artists, designers, poets and artists.

— Our house is semi-circular, Shchusev it planned to go around standing in the yard of the Church of the Annunciation of the virgin Mary on the Bank of the XVII century, — says Irina. Remember in the movie Nura says to the taxi driver, pointing out where is the right building: “There’s an old Church. As the house folded, so it went into the ground, huddled there…” right beside the Moskva river, around the quicksand. When building a House architect the foundations of an ancient Church, “floated”, it had to be demolished.

When in the yard there was a large wooden terrace, the locals were delighted, thinking that they have built dance floor. Were added to it later a small box, put the tables and attached the inscription: “Three poplars”. It turned out that this fake cafe for the film.

— The shooting took place in the summer, the set no one was fenced, our movements were not restricted, — says Irina Fedorova, which in 1967 was 30 years old. — The audience we are intelligent. No the crowd was not going to look at artists. All perceived the shooting as a workflow.

But Tatyana Vladimirovna Popova managed to unwittingly get in the picture.

— I was 12 years old. I just arrived from summer camp and went for a walk with his dog, a boxer Micky — says Tatiana. — On my way back through the arch, was already shot. In the alley stood a taxi — Oleg Efremov. Someone from film group said, “Girl, wait, go a few times with the dog. We’ll get you down”. Did a few takes. My dad, the Admiral was constantly on business trips. When the film came out, he began to take the tape with me when I travel. In the picture gave a good view of our German house, which stood in the yard, and even I appeared in the archway with the dog!

Tatiana Doronin, according to the recollections of old-timers during breaks sat on a bench with a book. When I was not shooting constantly read.

Later, the actress shared that playing the role of Nura, I thought about my mom. As the heroine of the film, her name was Anna. Having an outstanding appearance and a sharp mind, she was forced to work as a cloakroom attendant at the medical Academy.


Frame from the movie.

Oleg Yefremov, playing the role of a taxi driver Sasha, haven’t had a driver’s license, but before a month was engaged with the instructor driving. Machine, as we are assured by old residents of the house №5 on the Rostov embankment, he drove confidently enough. Splashing puddles, famously laid in the yard turns.

The famous “Volga” GAZ-21 now stands in the Museum “Mosfilm”.

— Initially the car was beige, — says the Director of the Museum Elena Morozova. But, as an actor, he changed his “costume”. Very often this “Volga” was used as a taxi. And taxis at different times had its own specific color. This car at the behest of the cinema not just repainted. It was green, then gray, which is presented in the film “Three poplars at Plyushchikha.” At the request of the Directors of “Volga” was added deer to the hood, then removed. In 2017, the car was restored — it is now a beige color, what was in the movie “the diamond arm” and “Beware of the car”.

The stories of Elena Morozova, often during the tour when it came to the film “Three poplars at Plyushchikha”, were women who, sitting in the “Volga” started to sing the song Pakhmutova on poems Dobronravov and Grebennikov, “Tenderness”… by the Way, that episode when the car falls the rain, filmed on Sivtsev Vrazhek. The sky was cloudless. Heavy rain was created artificially, with the help of a watering machine. Tatyana Doronina-people’s performed the song “Tenderness”. But aikala for her by the film Director Tatiana Lioznova: from actress to achieve this she could not.

Curiously, Alexandra Pakhmutova, after reading the script, refused to give the song “Tenderness” in the picture. She was devoted to pilots and astronauts. And here, by scenario, country woman goes to the capital to sell ham… Softened composer only when the Director showed her big plans of Oleg Efremov.


photo: Svetlana Finds
The number 5 on the Rostov embankment in Moscow, where the film was shot.

In the yard of the house №5 on the Rostov embankment we had a long argument with the old on the end of the film.

— I still can’t accept the fact that Nura did not go with the taxi driver Sasha in a movie, not change their own destiny, not have lived a very different, happy life, — says Irina.

She just could not jump in the pool with his head, — said Olga. — She is conscientious, responsible, unsophisticated. This was “anchor”… Otherwise she would not have been the Nura. Remember, in the end, the husband asks her: “And what brought yourself?” Just heard the song lyrics: “Empty Land without you…” Nura silent. If I could, I said, “Tenderness”.