Suzdal archaeological discoveries have linked the North-East Rus ‘ of the X century from Byzantium and the Middle East.


Excavations of a burial ground Chekhova. (Photo: Institute of archaeology Academy of Sciences.)

The burial of a young woman found in Suzdal opolye. (Photo: Institute of archaeology Academy of Sciences.)

Decoration “Suzdal fashionista”. (Photo: Institute of archaeology, RAS.)”

North-Eastern Russia in X–XI century was a busy commercial and cultural crossroads as evidenced by the results of excavations on the territory of Suzdal Opole, where were found artifacts from all over the then known World – from Byzantium, the Arab East, from the Volga region.

Suzdal opolye, a vast plateau with low hills in the territory of modern Vladimir and Ivanovo regions, in the Middle ages was the “core” of Vladimir-Suzdal. In the mid-nineteenth century this area undertook a great archaeological excavations of count Alexei Uvarov . However, the full source for the study of the history of Suzdal land materials uvarovskiy excavations can not be: the field diaries of count too brief, sketches and drawings of the burials were not recorded, a huge collection was successful and diasporisation.

In 2011, scientists of the Institute of archaeology are working on a large burial ground Chekhova, one of the few that managed to find a burial, are not affected by excavations Uvarov. In 1852 the burial ground consisted of 244 of the mound, and near it was a large settlement of X–XII centuries. Today it is the arable field without any traces of burial mounds. So now, according to the head of the excavation, the Director of the Institute of archaeology RAS Nikolai Makarov, archaeologists have to use particular methods that allow you to locate invisible necropolis. The base of mounds are using electrotomography shooting, and even if burial completely destroyed next to them manages to make interesting discoveries. So, last year in Chekhovo found ritual clay beaver paw and clay ring.

In the summer of 2017 with the help of electrical tomography was able to find the Foundation of the five mounds, two of which were in the area of excavation total area of about 600 square meters. This area was found four burials, one dedicated to the destruction of the mound, but the other three were beskarkasnymi.

The most significant findings revealed in bascunana burial 6. Here was buried a woman of 20-29 years. In the grave lay about 140 medieval objects, mostly jewelry and clothing items. Veiled women consisted of a wire temporal rings, necklaces of glass beads with three pendants out of coins, a horseshoe brooch, two bracelets, silver, bronze and glass rings. Over head was a massive triangle pendant pendants, the knees were two arched pendants, volutes, stop rectangular plate pendants, pendants, judging by their position, jewelry shoes. In the suit buried jewelry combines Finnish and Slavic types.

Two of the three coins in the necklace – East (bracteate silver, coins of coinage on one side, imitation Samanid dirhams Nasr bin Ahmad, were widespread in the second half of X century) and one Byzantine in the center of the necklace. This silver miliarity of the Emperor Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus and his son and co-Regent Romanus II. He took the Princess Olga in Constantinople and was the author of the treatise “On the management of the Empire”, one of the few sources of information about Rus X century.

According to Nikolai Makarov, “Byzantine silver coin – a rare find on ancient monuments. In Suzdal opolie had previously been found only four migliarese, two found the count Uvarov, the two managed to find in the last ten years in excavations Chekhova and tarbaeva. The new finding is another indication of the widespread international contacts and high welfare of the inhabitants of the “big settlement” in Chekhove… All this allows us to trace the “far” when the inhabitants of Suzdal and proves that at that time Russia was engaged in an intense cultural and commercial exchange.”

The researchers also were able to confirm that the North-East of Russia at the end of X – beginning of XI century it was the custom to give buried “bus fare”. This tradition was to provide the dead with a coin to pay for the transition to the afterlife known since antiquity, but in Russia such burials are rare and poorly documented. This time “travel” coin pulled from burial 5, which was buried a man 20-25 years. In his tomb was found a knife, and half Arab dirham the end of the X century without eyelet for hanging the coins as decoration, which played the role of “Obol of the dead.”

 

According to the materials of Institute of archeology of Russian Academy of Sciences.