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© Press service of ICG SB RAS

© Press service of ICG SB RAS

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© Press service of ICG SB RAS

© Press service of ICG SB RAS

NOVOSIBIRSK, 9 Mar. /TASS/. Scientists at the Institute of Cytology and genetics (ICG) SB RAS, which are more than 50 years, work on domestication (domestication) Fox and mink decided to connect to the experiment of the national heritage of Russia – Altai sable. Now on the fur farm of the Institute live two dozen Sables caught in the Altai region, said on Thursday the press service of the ICG SB RAS.

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“Industrial domestication, of course, already carried out. But in the ICG SB RAS want to advance further, based on the experience that was obtained in this institution at the domestication of foxes and mink. The task – to make sable truly pet”, – stated in the message.

According to the Deputy Director for General issues of the ICG SB RAS Sergey Vepreva, first and foremost task is to keep the gene pool of the Altai population, which has a huge variety of Sables. In my time there produced the Barguzin, Buryat and Amur sable, so now there arose interest to geneticists “mixed type”. Parallel to the Siberian scientists, together with their Moscow colleagues working on the genetic map of Sables for the whole territory of the country.

While the work is carried out on pure enthusiasm of scientists, but the Institute expects that the project will be supported by state funding.

The Institute was reminded that the Siberian sable in his time was famous all over the world, and its rich fur was an important source of replenishment of state Treasury. Unlimited fishing, forest fires and deforestation led to a sharp reduction in population in the mid-nineteenth century. To remedy the situation at the beginning of the last century near lake Baikal was created the Barguzin nature reserve where there are still a small number of individuals, the population slowly began to recover.

Sable hunting was completely banned in 1935, then started the program of restoration of its population. For this purpose scientists have developed the technique of capture and resettlement of Sables in those places which were once good sable land: about 20 thousand Sables were settled at about 100 areas across the country. To 1970-m to years the habitat has been restored to the pre-Petrine level. Now the sable population is approximately 1.5 million individuals.