Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine adopted in the first reading the presidential draft law on the state policy on ensuring state sovereignty of Ukraine on the temporarily occupied territories in the Donetsk and Lugansk regions.
As the correspondent of Agency “Interfax-Ukraine”, the bill No. 7163 in the first reading was supported by 233 deputies at the plenary session on Friday.
The bill was supported by 114 deputies of the faction PPO (3 abstentions, 12 not voting), 71 the Deputy of the faction “people’s front” (3 not voting), 17 deputies of the faction of the Radical party (vs 1) and 12 deputies of the group “will of the people”, and 19 independent. Faction “Opposition bloc” voted against the bill (24 voices), as the deputies of the faction “Samopomich” (4 votes against, the majority of the faction members in the room were missing). Also voted against the bill three extra fractional Deputy . The deputies of the group “Renaissance” was mainly absent in the hall or did not vote, 3 abstained.
As the correspondent of Agency “Interfax-Ukraine”, the vote for the draft law, accompanied by fights of people’s deputies near the rostrum, in particular, before the vote, deputies of the BPP kept the extra fractional Deputy Yury Levchenko, who tried to break through to the podium. During the vote fight stopped, but about two dozen deputies were near the podium, but not to vote.
According to the announced information when voting in the first reading of the bill excluded the provisions of article 7, in which there is mention of the Minsk agreements and said that they are a priority in the implementation of public authorities of Ukraine by political and diplomatic measures to restore territorial integrity within the internationally recognized borders of Ukraine.
“With this law, the Verkhovna Rada… affirms the decision of the President of Ukraine on the use of Armed Forces of Ukraine and other military formations… to deter and repel Russian military aggression in the Donetsk and Luhansk regions and ensuring state sovereignty of Ukraine on the temporarily occupied territories in the Donetsk and Lugansk regions”, – stated also in the draft law.
In the preamble of the bill indicate that Russia has initiated, organized and supported terrorist activities in Ukraine, carries out armed aggression against Ukraine and the temporary occupation of part of its territory, and emphasize that the armed forces of the Russian Federation that it supported military forces and the occupation administration in separate districts of Donetsk and Lugansk regions violate the reached international agreements.
The document also identifies the areas in the Donetsk and Luhansk regions that Ukraine recognizes the temporarily occupied land territory and internal waters within the limits of separate regions and localities, where the Russian armed forces and the occupation administration established and implemented by the occupying power and total control of Russia. Occupied also recognized the internal sea waters and territorial sea of Ukraine adjacent to the occupied land territory and airspace on it.
The border of the temporarily occupied territories of Donbass will determine the Ministry of defense of Ukraine on the proposal of the General staff of the Armed forces.
“The temporary occupation by the Russian Federation territories in the Donetsk and Lugansk regions, which are specified in clauses 1 – 3 part one article 1 this law is illegitimate and does not create for the Russian Federation no territorial rights”, – stated in the bill.
According to the document, for individuals, regardless of they attain the status of internally displaced persons or other special legal status for legal entities retained the right of ownership and other rights to property, including property in the temporarily occupied territory.
A similar situation spelled out regarding the rights of ownership of the state, territorial communities settlements, government agencies, local authorities in the temporarily occupied territory of Donbass.
It is proposed to determine also features the introduction of martial law in response to Russian aggression.
Under the bill, in the case of the introduction of martial law in certain areas in connection with Russia’s military aggression in the Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts: on the day of entry into force of the act of the President about creation of the military administration to terminate the powers of regional, district, village, city and district in the cities councils, their Executive offices, officials and officers of local government, working in these agencies, chiefs – in the case of the corresponding regional military administration.
District, regional military administration is carried out in the territory, along with the powers of local state administrations, the authority to introduce and implement measures of the legal regime of martial law.
Military administration exercise their powers until the day of the first meeting of the first session of the Council, elected after the lifting of martial law.
Direction, coordination and control of activities of the regional military administrations, defence, public order and security, implementation of measures of the legal regime of martial law carried out by the joint operational headquarters of the Armed forces of Ukraine under the overall leadership of the General staff of the armed forces, and other issues – the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine within their powers.
The General staff exercises the powers of the organization the preparation and implementation of the General management of the APU, connections, parts and organs of other military formations and law enforcement agencies during their implementation of measures of the legal regime of martial law.
The joint operations staff of the armed forces exercises direct management of forces and means of the APU, other military formations involved in the implementation directly in the Donetsk and Lugansk regions measures to ensure the national security and defense and the legal regime of martial law.
In addition, the joint oberstab in coordination with the security service and the relevant Central body of Executive power will determine the order of entry/exit of people and movement of goods in the temporarily occupied territory of Donbass and with her.
The document stipulates that the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine conducts permanent monitoring of the situation with observance of the rights and freedoms of man and citizen, and documents the violations in the temporarily occupied territories of Donetsk and Lugansk regions. According to the monitoring results, the government provides relevant information to international organizations, forms the legal position and the consolidated claim of the Ukraine to the Russian Federation for the implementation of international legal responsibility of Russia for military aggression.
“The state of Ukraine is not liable for the illegal actions of the Russian Federation as an aggressor state, of its armed forces, other military formations and the occupation administration in the temporarily occupied territories in the Donetsk and Lugansk regions”, – stated in the bill.