In the Russian Federation are going to re-invent the society.

Under the motto “the Present future” on 30 November in Moscow held the seventh all-Russian civil forum (OGF-2019), writes the journalist of “Novaya Gazeta” Darya Kozlova.

This year the organizers wanted to find understanding of national goals, in terms of different communities. The forum program was divided into ten subject areas — from local government to the inclusion. The aim was to unite people who defend the rights in different areas and thereby form a civil society.

The forum was opened by an introductory speech by one of the founders of FMG, the head of the accounts chamber Alexey Kudrin. The politician said that in recent years Russia is the protest agenda. The trigger for action can be quite different reasons — from landfills to construction of temples and unfair elections. While such a reaction, according to Kudrin, it is completely normal. However, according to him, between the government and the society should set up a dialogue and to create institutions. After all, “to fill someone’s face” may not be the goal of social development.


Photo: civil-forum.ru

To this end, the forum passed the 28 thematic events, which were attended by over a thousand people. Among them were the public appearances of TED-talks and discussions.

In the discussion “the State is watching us” on the introduction of facial recognition, to find a common language tried lawyer “Roskomsnab” Sarkis Darbinyan, founder Tazeros Global (Ex Social Data Hub) Arthur Hechuan, Internet-Ombudsman Dmitry Marinichev and head of the Department of normative regulation of the digital economy, National digital economy, Moscow state University. Lomonosov Nikolay Dmitrik.

According to Sarkis Darbinian, the current state of the system of identification threatens personal freedom. In the near future, the system can accurately determine any person “to obtain a huge amount of relevant and sometimes important information for him”, he said. In addition, according to Darbinian, the identification system is able “not only to control human behavior, but also to change it.”

— Knowing that this technology can identify you, you can refuse to go on a civil protest in the mosque or in any public political actions, says Darbinyan.

Along with other members of Roskomsnab lawyer proposes to introduce a moratorium on the use of the system. “Right now, trying to tie banks to the digital biometrics, there are conversations about digitization of human DNA. In conditions of almost uncontrolled surveillance and without warranties of leaks we say that face recognition is a little bit “too early”, — the expert concludes.

Argues with him Arthur Hechuan. In his opinion, the government will not abandon the technology of face recognition which documents nor take. At this moment, the recognition system will not be a big threat because of “170,000 cells [in Moscow], which are written all the media, actually able to recognize faces and four thousand,” — said Hechuan.


Photo: civil-forum.ru

However, according to Darbinian, the effect of the identification system is already noticeable and you can feel the rhythm even in the “Moscow business”. Now even the weak development of the system can not guarantee that it will not include the new defendants.

The results of the protest of the summer was discussed and the discussion about the state of the electoral system. She was, in particular, on the consolidation of the society before the state Duma elections in 2021. The discussion was attended by representatives of different communities: students, teachers, police officers and public observers. Among them the editor of the journal DOXA Armen Aramyan, associate Professor at the HSE Saint-Petersburg Alexey Kupriyanov and owner the telegram-channel “police Ombudsman” Vladimir Vorontsov. They discussed the pressure that felt their community during the summer elections in Moscow.

Vladimir Vorontsov has told about how employees of the Ministry of internal Affairs during the election campaign to the Moscow city Duma had to reject signatures of candidates and their work at the polling stations and rallies. The police do not act according to his will, and following orders of superiors, says Vorontsov. Their political apathy, the desire to hold his position, as well as negative attitudes prevent them from this pressure to resist.

— We should strengthen the role of trade unions to protect labour rights of police officers. They will be much easier to refuse to execute illegal orders of superiors if they are to understand the limits of their rights and responsibilities, know that they will be protected, he explains.


Photo: TASS

It tells the editor of the student magazine DOXA Armen Aramyan, universities often ask their students to participate in Pro-government rallies or campaign for the “United Russia”. At the same time when universities are trying to hold events with the participation of opposition politicians, they get cancelled. One solution to these problems could be the creation of student unions.

With the Aramyan argues Alexey Kupriyanov, who said that, in contrast to the relationship between the employee and the employer, from universities has no instruments of pressure on students. For example, to deduct from the school only in connection with poor academic performance. Also, according to experts, pressure do not feel teachers who are free to speak within the walls of educational institutions about the fraud in elections and other political topics.

As the outcome of the discussion at the forum was presented the program “Freedom. Elections. Common cause”, which contains recommendations that will help to hold fair elections to the State Duma in 2021. The authors give advice to different groups of citizens. For example, IT professionals should participate in the analysis of new electoral technologies, the same electronic voting and priests to publicly discuss the persecution for ideological and political reasons.

With this program argued political analysts , Alexander Kynev and Gleb Pavlovsky. Kynev believes that the problem is not that someone does not understand what fair elections (“this is repeated many times from year to year”), and that the absence of political will to hold them.

According to him, the only thing that can lead to change, is a broad campaign of civil pressure on the government, which includes education of different population groups and consolidation of local communities.

The position of Kabardino-Balkaria, partly shares the political scientist Gleb Pavlovsky. He adds that “mass civil campaign” should not apply only on specific cases, but to put before a broader strategic objectives. In addition, the elections to the state Duma in 2021 could be the last elections in Russia, and now society should not decide how to get rid of fraud and how to keep them “current level”. According to the analyst, it is too late to engage in the creation of new institutions, their work should have been established much earlier. Now civil society should try to reduce the voltage level on the “cold civil war”, which expressed a position of power.


Photo: civil-forum.ru

“Freedom. Elections. Common cause” is not the only document that was prepared for the FMG-2019. The forum also presented the programme “Justice and equality before the law” on the reform of the judicial system and law enforcement. In it, the authors proposed to expand the role of the competence of juries, for example, include the cases against the rioters. Another significant proposal is the creation of municipal militia. Its leader will be elected by the population. In addition, the experts of the FMG proposed to create a separate Department for cases against members of the security forces. The authors of the program for the protection of media rights proposed three-year moratorium on new restrictions for the media and liberalize the laws in the area of investment in media, enter the label for the messages that are published on state money, and work in the development of media literacy.

In the “Russian — Federation. Strong regions and local self-government” experts focused on the decentralization of the country and the distribution of resources and responsibilities between levels of government in Russia. To achieve this was proposed by increasing the financial autonomy of regions and municipalities. Should also be returned to the direct election of mayors, and the participation of citizens in local government increased.

The forum participants could support the provisions of these programs during the day in the mobile app FMG. Work on their practical implementation will start from Monday.