© EPA/JUSTIN LANE
UN, March 25. /Offset. TASS Oleg Zelenin/. Russia and China have repeatedly proposed that the UN Security Council to adopt a resolution aimed at preventing the spread of toxic substances to the terrorists in Iraq and Syria. As reported to journalists the Deputy permanent representative of the Russian Federation at the world organization Vladimir Safronkov, the draft document was distributed at a closed meeting, convened on the initiative of Moscow.
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The draft resolution has already been addressed in 2016, but has not found support among the Western countries – members of the security Council. According to Safrankova, the text is still relevant, including in light of recent reports of chemical attacks committed by the militants of the terrorist group “Islamic state” (IG banned in Russia), in the Mosul area. “We need to get down to the serious work, based on the professional facts. Professionals prove that chemical terrorism in the middle East is a real threat,” the diplomat said.
“To combine the SAT to work together to confront the challenges associated with the use of chemical weapons by terrorists and non-state actors, together with China, has re-circulated the same draft resolution, as a year ago, accordingly it actualizarea,” – said Safronov. According to him, the Western partners “generally balanced” responded to the initiative of Moscow and Beijing, and also informed that will forward the document to their capitals for review. “Let’s see what happens,” added zampolpreda of the Russian Federation.
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The draft resolution submitted by Russia and China in April 2016, demanded that all countries, primarily neighbouring Syria, “report immediately to the Security Council any actions of non-state actors” aimed at production, acquisition, transfer, transport and use “of chemical weapons and their means of delivery”. In addition, the document provides for the extension of activities established to investigate chemical attacks in Syria a Joint investigation mechanism (SRM), the UN and the Organization for the prohibition of chemical weapons (OPCW) on Iraq. Members of this Committee also offered to charge to identify the person, group or government who are involved in this illegal activity.
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In the discussion document last year a number of members of the security Council, including Angola and Venezuela, expressed its support for the initiative, while others, particularly the United Kingdom, spoke against the expansion of the CMP mandate on Iraq.
View of London for the year has not changed, and British Ambassador Matthew Rycroft on Friday reiterated its opposition to the Russian-Chinese initiative. Explaining its position, the diplomat expressed the opinion that between the situations in Iraq and Syria is “a big difference”. “The situation in Iraq is primarily because the government of the country cooperates fully with the OPCW, the country is party to the Convention (on the prohibition of chemical weapons) and has a good reputation. To the government of Iraq is not received accusations of using chemical weapons against its own people,” said Raycroft.
As claimed by a British diplomat, CMP was created “precisely because no other way to install is responsible for the chemical attack were not due to the unwillingness of the (Syrian) regime to cooperate.” “The British government against the expansion (power) of the CMP”, he concluded.
Safronov categorically disagreed with the argument that the situation in Syria is a “special case”. “This, in my opinion, very vicious, unprofessional, emotional, inspired by the political doctrine of logic that blocks the SB on this important matter – between chemical terrorism in the region”, – he stressed.
Chemical attack in Mosul
In early March, the international Committee of the red cross and the world health organization reported that in the vicinity of Mosul treating patients having signs of destruction of chemical weapons. To the OPCW stated that it has asked the Iraqi authorities for more information about the alleged chemical attacks and has offered assistance in the investigation.
Russia has convened a closed meeting of the security Council in connection with reports of chemical attacks in Mosul on March 10. On the same day the permanent representative of Iraq to the UN Mohammed Ali al-Hakim told reporters that Baghdad “there is no evidence that ISIS used chemical weapons” in the Mosul area.
Following the meeting on Friday, the UK’s permanent representative, Chairman of the security Council in March, said that the Council members are extremely concerned “over the use of chemical weapons by anyone and anywhere”. “We expect the Iraqi government of the results of the investigation of information on chemical attacks,” he said.
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