© Eugene Vadim epanchitsev/TASS

TASS-FILE. August 28 start joint anti-terrorist exercises of the armed forces of Russia and Mongolia “Selenge”. Prior to 2011 they were called “Darkhan” and the present name was given in honor of the eponymous river (in Mongolian – Selenge), originating in Mongolia and flows into lake Baikal.

“Darkhan” (2008-2010)

The decision on carrying out regular joint exercises was taken at the end of the visit to Moscow Prime Minister of Mongolia Bayar Sangin in April 2008 and a visit to Mongolia Minister of defense of Russia Anatoly Serdyukov in may of the same year.

Exercises “Darkhan” was conducted three times. In 2008 and 2009 they were held in the North of Mongolia, and in 2010 – on the Russian site Burdun in Buryatia. Their goal was the training of the Mongolian military experts to repair and rebuild in the field made in Russia military equipment. The exercise was attended by several hundred troops from each country . The Russian stage has become the largest by the number of involved personnel – more than 1 thousand servicemen. Besides, then was expanded exercise program: in addition to the tasks for the evacuation and restoration of failed equipment, worked out the issues of blocking and destruction of irregular armed groups conventional enemy.

“Selenga” (2011)

Exercises “Selenga-2011” held 1-10 September 2011 in two stages: first at the landfill Burdun, and then on-site training center Tavan Tolgoi (South Mongolia). There were about 500 soldiers from both sides were involved up to 200 units of military and special equipment. In particular, Russia used T-72 tanks, infantry fighting vehicles BMP-2 and armored trucks; Mongolia – the T-64 tanks, infantry fighting vehicles BMP-1, BTR-60, towed D-30 howitzers and multiple rocket launcher systems fire (MLRS) BM-21 “Grad”.

In 2012 the exercises were held from 21 to 29 September at the landfill Burdun. It was attended by about 300 and 250 Mongolian soldiers. Were involved about 100 units of military and special equipment on both sides, including self-propelled artillery units (SAU) “Carnation”. For the first time on the “Selenga” was applied assault (su-25) and the army (helicopters Mi-24 and Mi-8) aircraft. Also was first mastered the tactics of the peaceful population’s withdrawal from the area, which on a legend of doctrines was blocked by militants. Journalists of the two countries, covering maneuvers, organized the release of the newspaper “Selenge”. Part of the materials published in the Mongolian language, part – in Russian.

In 2013, training took place from 9 to 19 September in the Mongolian landfill Deuten Shar Uul (near Ulan Bator). Was attended by about 300 troops, TSBS and more than 250 Mongolian soldiers. It involved about 100 units of military and special equipment on both sides: the Russian T-72 tanks, armored vehicles BMP-2, 120-mm mortars “Sani”, as well as helicopters Mi-24, Mi-8, MLRS “Grad”, armored vehicles BMP-1 armed forces of Mongolia.

In 2014 it took place from 12 to 27 August in the firing range Munkh Khet (Choibalsan, Eastern Mongolia) and was timed to celebrate the 75th anniversary of victory of the Soviet- Mongolian troops over the Japanese at Khalkhin Gol in 1939 In the “Selenga” has taken part about 1 thousand soldiers and officers of Russia and Mongolia. Attracted more than 65 units of the Russian military and special equipment, such as the 152-mm self-propelled guns, “acacia”, MLRS “Grad”, anti-aircraft (ZSU) “Shilka” and Mi-24 helicopters. For the first time has been involved mortar, howitzer and rocket artillery.

In 2015, the maneuvers were carried out from 19 to 26 August at the training complex Tsugol in Zabaykalsky Krai. The United group of forces was worked out joint actions with the landing of tactical landing and crossing water obstacles. From the Russian side were involved in a tank battalion, an infantry company, mortar, self-propelled artillery and rocket batteries, units of radiation, chemical and biological protection, as well as sniper and reconnaissance units (approximately 500 people). Attracted around 90 units of weapons and military equipment, including helicopters Mi-24, Mi-8AMTSH, the su-25. Mongolia has sent 350 troops and infantry fighting vehicles, armored personnel carriers, T-72 tanks, mortars, MLRS “Grad” (total 54 units). Was first provided video practical stage of the exercise (with the help of Russian UAV “Outpost”).

2016 August 29-September 7 – the exercises were held at the site Burdun in Buryatia. The joint group of troops (about 1 thousand soldiers) practiced reconnaissance and search actions, as well as the issues of freezing and the elimination of conditional illegal armed formations. From the Eastern military district were involved in a tank battalion, an infantry company, mortar, howitzer self-propelled artillery and rocket batteries, air defence units, intelligence, as well as radiation, chemical and biological protection. From the armed forces of Mongolia in the maneuvers involved a tactical group of a mechanized infantry battalion. Was used by infantry fighting vehicles, armored personnel carriers, T-72 tanks, MLRS “Grad” and “Hurricane”, mortars “Sani”, ZSU “Shilka”. On the eve of the exercise, the Russian military engaged not only in combat training but also studying the national culture of Mongolia. Russian military servicemen were mastered (at a conversational level), the Mongolian language to communicate with colleagues in-arms.

“Selenga-2017”

This year the exercise was first held at the site located in the Gobi desert. Joint group of forces will work in the desert the elimination of conditional illegal armed formations. Russia’s armed forces will be presented 500 soldiers of the Eastern military district. Russian tactical group will be strengthened by military hardware: armored vehicles BMP-2, tanks T-72B3, MLRS BM-21 “Grad” ZSU “Shilka” mortar battery. In total, Mongolia on two levels will deliver more than 100 units of weapons and military equipment. It is also planned the participation of aviation. From the armed forces of Mongolia in the exercises will be attended by about 500 people. The exercises will be completed on 9 September.