On the border with Mongolia found Scythian drawings that can change ideas about the way of life of nomadic tribes.

Portrait of SKIF – a fresco on the Buddhist stupa. (Photo: saamiblog / Flickr.com.) (Photo: saamiblog / Flickr.com.)

Scythian jewelry. (Photo: saamiblog / Flickr.com.) ”

The Scythians raided the Eurasian steppes in the first Millennium BC, They moved to the steppe zone of Eurasia from Northern China in the East to the Northern black sea in the West. The Scythians were not one people, and now impossible to accurately determine the habitat of each ethnic group, which is referred to them, but found that the movement of these nomads went in waves from East to West. Approximately in III century ad, their culture disappears under pressure of other nomadic tribes.

In the current year under the contract with the Museum of the Roerich family Tuva n expedition of the Institute of history of material culture RAS worked on the border of Mongolia and Tuva. The goal was to study the rock carvings and funerary monuments of the bronze and early Scythian time, so it was possible to trace the origin of the Scythians went, and where on the territory of Tuva and Mongolia are the earliest Scythian traces.

Last field season, the archaeologists found a complex of monuments — deer stones and many petroglyphs. Deer stones were set next to the graves: they usually reproduce the figure of the Scythian, who dedicated a monument, on which were depicted the arms and animals. Previously Tove was opened 70 obelisks, during the last expedition found 40 of these monuments.

Of great interest are the rock carvings depicting everyday scenes. Drawings made at different times — from the bronze age in the third Millennium BC up to the ethnographic present. The people who lived in this area, the patterns noted by their presence, showed that they are local owners. On some images you can see the houses of the bronze age.

According to expedition leader, senior researcher of the Department of archaeology of Central Asia and Caucasus of the Institute RAS Marina Kilanowski, “…it is believed that the nomads lived in yurts, but on the rocks they portrayed an ordinary house with roofs, sometimes painted the house in plan, divided into several compartments. They depict men – men, women, children. Near the houses depicted the herds that way, people who hunt animals. Such images are found for the first time. Here some coded information about their way of life, and its yet to be deciphered”.


According to the press service of the IIMK RAS.