The representative of Estonia Kadri Simson received the “energy portfolio” in the new composition of the European Commission (EC), headed by former Minister of defence of Germany Ursula von der Leyen. Von der Leyen and her team should take office on 1 November, provided that all proposed commissioners will be approved by the European Parliament at this time.
The appointment of Simpson indicates that the EC will continue to focus on the diversification and security of energy supplies. Estonia, which joined the EU in 2004, after more than ten years after independence, is still dependent on Gazprom to meet almost all needs in gas consumption.
Given that Estonia is against construction of the pipeline “Nord stream 2”, Simson, is also expected to firmly support the updated gas Directive of the EU, which Gazprom is challenged in the European court. In addition, if the agreement between Russia and Ukraine on gas transit will not be achieved by the end of October, Simpson will be tasked to try to make a deal before the expiration of the term of the contract on December 31.
In the “letter of mission”, which von der Leyen sent Simpson, says that gas and especially LNG will continue to play a role in the transition of Europe into new sources of energy, but to reduce emissions will need to use the technology of capture and storage of carbon.
Candidate Simpson, however, may be subjected to serious study in Parliament. Von der Leyen promised to carry out sweeping reforms to reduce carbon dioxide emissions in the EU, but Estonia is still highly dependent on oil shale.
Although Estonia is one of 11 countries that have achieved the established 2020 goal of obtaining 25% of the gross final energy consumption from renewable sources, it still has one of the highest levels of greenhouse gas emissions per capita in the EU, according to European environment Agency.
#the European Commission