© Ali Anuwar hazarika/commons.wikimedia

Kaziranga national Park (Kaziranga National Park), located in the Indian state of Assam (Assam) was opened for tourists in early October. It will take travelers over the next eight months. The national Park is home to the world’s largest population of one-horned rhinos (2.5 thousand individuals from 3 thousand) and Bengal tigers. Defenders of wildlife criticized the decision of the state government to extend the tourist season in national parks and reserves. Experts say that tourism destroys local ecosystems and provokes additional stress in animals. About this newspaper the Assam Times.

According to the newspaper the First Post, for tourists opened the Bagori ranges, Burahpahar, Kohora. The area of Agoratoli of the Park, where nesting migratory birds, including pelicans, will remain closed, this area suffered greatly during the annual summer floods .

According to The Indian Express, the July floods washed away 70% of the Park territory and claimed the lives of 105 animals. During the second wave of floods that occurred on 13 August, as reported by India Today, drowned 15 rhinos, Bengal tiger, four elephants and 194 deer. Floods were the largest since 1988.

According to the Director of the Kaziranga Satendra Singh (Satendra Singh), floods surpassed the number of victims floods 2012 and 2016. However, the water was coming in faster this year – level increased by 8-9 feet (2.44-2.74 meters) for 24 hours.

According to experts, the intensity of floods in the future due to climate change will increase, so you need to liberate the land around the Park from settlements and create another 40 hills, where the animals could be saved from floods. According to officials, some individuals during the floods were outside the Park and went deep into villages, where they could become victims of poachers or hurt local residents.

The pressure of the tourism industry

As experts consider, the decision to extend the season due to pressure from the tourism sector and the desire to increase profits. Although, as drew the attention of the scientific and environmental journalist Chandan Kumar of the Douar (Chandan Kumar Duarah), trips to parks just ruin travelers.

“In Assam before the October rain. In connection with climate change, the rainy season has become longer. October is still rainy and cloudy and not suitable for travelers in the wilderness areas. The government’s decision to open the Park and Kaziranga national Park Pobitora (Pobitora) for tourists with October not only affect the conservation of species, but also in the wallets of tourists who will pay full price and will see only a few areas – said Chandan Kumar of the Douar. – Governments should not make money at the expense of harming nature.”

Experts draw attention to the need to build facilities, which could prevent the consequences of floods in protected areas and national parks, instead of having to build a tourist infrastructure that is now a priority for the development of protected areas in the state.

Effect on animals

Reminiscent of environmentalists, the protected areas are not created for tourists, and to protect rare animals. Tourism threatens the integrity of ecosystems and the population dynamics of wild nature and provokes aggressive behavior in animals.

Due to regular floods, anthropogenic barriers to migration paths, lack of food and water, individuals become irritable and aggressive. In several protected areas in the state recorded cases of animal attacks on Rangers. The last case occurred on September 20. Then the Rangers had to shoot an adult Rhino at the Kaziranga national Park area of Agaratoli. 14 Feb Rhino killed huntsman Gautam Barua (Barua Gautam) in Bagori range. In the last week of January, the rhinoceros attacked the huntsman Hearth Rajarshi (Podu Rajbongshi) in the national Park Orang (Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park), located on the North Bank of the river Brahmaputra in the districts Darrang and Sonitpur of the state of Assam.

Material provided by the project of “1”.