© Kim Haughton/United Nations via AP
UN, December 22. /TASS/. The UN Security Council on Friday tightened sanctions against North Korea in response to country 29 Nov ballistic missile test by setting restrictions on the supply of crude oil and refined products, as well as requiring all countries to expel North Korean migrants. Relevant draft resolution prepared by the United States, received the support of all 15 member countries of the security Council, including Russia and China.
In the document of the UN security Council “in the strongest terms” condemned the missile launch, as well as in the form of an ultimatum stressed that the DPRK “not conduct any further launch using ballistic missile technology, nuclear tests or any other provocation”.
Import and export restrictions
According to the resolution, the delivery of crude oil in the country will be limited to 4 million barrels per year, and petroleum products – up to 500 thousand barrels . Thus, the import of gasoline, diesel fuel and other fuels and lubricants will be reduced by 90% compared to the level provided in the middle of 2017. The security Council expressed its determination to impose more stringent restrictions on the supply of oil products to the DPRK in case of new provocations of Pyongyang.
UN sanctions against the DPRK. Dossier
In addition, the UN security Council demanded that the countries immediately begin the expulsion of North Korean workers from their territory and to complete that process by the end of 2019. It is expected that this will deprive Pyongyang of cash needed to implement missile and nuclear programs. According to us authorities, every year, migrant workers bring to the state Treasury of the DPRK more than $500 million.
Other measures in the resolution include a ban on the import into the DPRK of industrial equipment, heavy equipment and vehicles, as well as the purchase of major North Korean export goods. Earlier, the security Council imposed an embargo on the purchase of North Korea coal, textiles and seafood. The new measures apply to the remaining goods, including food products, agricultural products and industrial equipment. According to estimates of the United States, it would deprive Pyongyang of another $200 million.
In addition, the UN security Council also requested the countries to inspect in their territorial waters of the court, the crew suspected of carrying prohibited goods. Provides a resolution and the inclusion in the sanctions lists of the UN of new individuals and organizations related to the nuclear program of Pyongyang.
The fourth resolution on the DPRK for the year
The document became the fourth resolution on North Korea adopted by the Security Council since the beginning of the year, and the third decision to tighten international sanctions against Pyongyang over the 12 months. As in the previous document, approved on Friday, the resolution stresses that under its restriction is not intended to aggravate the humanitarian situation in the DPRK and interfere in the work of international organizations providing assistance to the North Korean population. For this resolution, there are special exceptions which are, for example, allow you to put in the country spare parts for passenger aircraft.
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Immediately after the vote, U.S. permanent representative to the UN, Nikki Haley thanked the delegations of other countries in support of the resolution. According to her, by 29 November the launch of an Intercontinental ballistic missile, “the regime of Kim Jong-UN tried to seem a great power at a time when his people are starving and the soldiers are fleeing”. She called the security Council imposed the sanctions “unprecedented response” to the “unprecedented challenge from a recalcitrant state.”
Haley elaborated on the paragraph of the resolution containing the threat of further tightening sanctions against the DPRK in case of further provocations. “It sends Pyongyang a clear signal that for the next open defiance [UNSC resolutions] will be a new punishment and isolation,” she said.