© REUTERS/Zach Gibson

What is the essence of the document, which will be considered in the house of representatives ?

We are talking about the US Senate bill S. 722, entitled “an Act to counter the destabilizing actions of Iran in 2017”.

Part of the project concerning Russia, calls for the strengthening and expansion of the sanctions regime in the financial and oil and gas sector. In particular, under the ban will be lending to sanctioned Russian banks more than two weeks, energy companies — more than one month, as well as major investments in Russian export pipelines.

The bill also will enshrine at the legislative level sanctions, which were imposed on the basis of decrees of the President of the United States Barack Obama.

In addition, if the President wants to weaken or partially lift sanctions against Russian companies or individuals, under S. 722 he will have to reconcile it with the Senate and house of representatives.

What this means for the White house?

The adoption of this bill will lead to the fact that the President of the United States Donald trump will lose the right unilaterally to soften sanctions against Russia.

Director for legislative Affairs the White house mark Short on this occasion said that the bill in its current form is causing serious harm “to the diplomatic efforts of the Executive power” and “ties the hands” Trump.

The new sanctions against Russia and Iran, which are contained in the bill S. 722, the administration supports trump, said Shorts.


At what stage is the bill?

The Senate passed the bill S. 722 overwhelming number of votes (98 out of 100) on 15 June. After this he was sent to the house of representatives.

However, his consideration of the lower house was delayed for technical reasons.

According to the US Constitution, bills that can lead to an increase in revenues of the state, must first be introduced and passed specifically by the house of representatives.

So the Senate June 30, redesigned its bill with the constitutional claims and remanded it to the lower house.

This is a renewal, and celebration in USA independence Day, led to the fact that by the time the first personal meeting with Donald trump with the President of Russia Vladimir Putin on the sidelines of the G20 summit in Hamburg, the document was never approved by Congress.

What’s next?

In an interview with CNN senior Democrat of the Senate foreign relations Committee Ben Cardin expressed hope that the house of representatives could begin debate on new sanctions until July 16.

Later, the representatives of the U.S. Congress said that the vote on sanctions against Russia will take place on 25 July.

If the lower chamber of Congress approves the bill, it will be sent to the President for signature Trump.

The President can veto the bill, but, if both houses of Congress again will give 2/3 of the votes, he will still become law.

The head of the European Commission Jean-Claude Juncker called urgently to consider the response of Brussels on the case that European companies will be affected by the anti-Russian sanctions.

Alexander Mosesov