The prize winners were 65 young researchers working individually or in research groups at the 33 scientific and scientific-technical projects.
The ceremony took place on Wednesday, March 1, in the White hall of the house of Moscow Government on Tverskaya, 13. Awards to young scientists presented Vice-mayor Natalia Sergunina. The winners represent 27 Metropolitan universities, research organizations and enterprises. For each project, there is a monetary reward of 1 million rubles.
The trend of the current competition is the growing number of projects dedicated to application development.
Alexander Skugarev, Maxim ahmedzanov and Ivan Mazalov from the all-Russian research Institute of aviation materials (VIAM) developed the technology for the production of welded assemblies of new heat-resistant wrought Nickel alloys for advanced helicopter engine VK-2500.
George Farnosov, Ivan Belyaev, and Oleg Bychkov Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute . Zhukovsky (TSAGI) have figured out how to reduce the noise level of the aircraft by changing the wing structure. The proposed method has attracted large customers – manufacturers of the latest aircraft: Superjet and MS-21.
Maria Gusarova, Vyacheslav Zubkov and Alexander Samoshin, MEPhI was awarded for the development of methods and techniques for designing particle accelerators and the creation of accelerators for scientific and applied applications. They participated in the construction of a new domestic heavy-ion Collider NICA, joint Institute for nuclear research in Dubna. In conjunction with the NRC “Kurchatov Institute” young scientists completed the development of the concept of domestic accelerator driver proton beam for neutron generators and electronuclear installations as well as proposed the project of a superconducting accelerator for proton-beam therapy of oncological diseases.
Sergey Legotin and Andrey Krasnov from nust MISIS invented metaboliceski the inverter, the source of electrical energy, which is produced by converting energy of radioactive decay. The process of producing energy similar to the process taking place in solar powered, the only difference is that the source of energy are β-particles. Getting into the volume of semiconductor Converter ?-the particles generate an electric current.
The invention of the staff of the faculty of materials science of MSU named after M. V. Lomonosov Dmitry Petukhov and Ekaterina Chernova is aimed at solving the problem of processing of associated petroleum gas with using of nanostructured membranes. The problem of membrane preparation of associated petroleum gas in small fields remains unresolved, but the associated gas produced is flared, causing both economic and environmental damage.
Igor Maslennikov, Konstantin Kravchuk and Alexey Rusakov from the Technological Institute for superhard and novel carbon materials developed andentirely module for series devices “NanoScan 4D” – a device that allows measurement of hardness and elastic modulus of materials with submicron spatial extension.
Paul noses and Roman Tretyakov from MGTU im. N. Uh. Bauman received the award for the development and production of domestic high-power optics for industrial laser equipment. Developed optical system are comparable with foreign analogues, technical characteristics and solve the problem of import substitution.
Denis Rebrikov of rnsmu. Pirogov introduced into serial production and brought on the Russian and foreign markets of more than 200 test systems for the diagnosis of genetic and infectious diseases.
Anna Levashova from the research Institute to find new antibiotics named after G. F. gauze have developed original methods of transformation of a number of antibiotics. In a series of semi-synthetic derivatives of domestic antitumor antibiotic olivomycin promising candidate drug (Oleamid), which goes in-depth preclinical testing in the framework of the Federal target program “Pharma-2020”.
Alexey Kononikhin, Natalia Starodubtseva and Igor Popov of the Scientific center of obstetrics, gynecology and Perinatology named after academician V. I. Kulakov received the award for development and introduction of modern methods of mass spectrometry high resolution for noninvasive Express diagnostics of obstetric, gynecologic and neonatal pathologies.
Michael sulaco, Irina Shelukhina and Denis Kudryavtsev from the Institute of Bioorganic chemistry study of neuroreceptors, complex protein molecules, dysfunction of which is associated with a number of neurological and oncological diseases. This is particularly evident in the study of peptide and low molecular weight molecules that can regulate the activity of neuroreceptors. Developed universal methods of biotechnological production and testing of these molecules opened up new opportunities for their comprehensive study and use, including in the pharmaceutical industry.
Awards marked and fundamental research. Cycle of works of young scientists of biological faculty of Moscow state University Alexei kuzmenkova, Ksenia Kudryashova and Alexander Vasilevsky on the development of research, academician Yevgeny Grishin on biodiversity of Scorpion toxins acting on potassium channels of cell membranes. The violation of their function in humans lead to serious diseases, therefore, of particular interest are substances that are able to adjust their work. The researchers were able to create a publicly available international database that includes all available information on these compounds. A thorough analysis of the Central Asian Scorpion toxins. In addition, the artificial peptide that selectively affects the potassium channels involved in the development of autoimmune diseases.
The work of Yuri Fomin Institute for high pressure physics of them. L. F. Vereschagin is devoted to the development of the theoretical description of fluids in a wide range of pressures and temperatures, including the anomalous behavior of liquids, glass transition, description, supercritical fluids and liquids under conditions of extremely high temperatures and pressures.
Sergey Golovastov, and Gregory Bivol of the joint Institute for high temperatures study and creation of new methods of management of processes of combustion of gas fuels and the problems of explosion safety. Most of the work is devoted to hydrogen safety. Because hydrogen is a clean fuel. With the advent of the hydrogen elements of questions about the safety of hydrogen have a different character.
Under the leadership of Mikhail Nechaev at the chemistry Department of MSU named after M. V. Lomonosov together with the Institute of petrochemical synthesis of the investigated compounds of divalent carbon, carbenes. Based on Kurbanov developed catalysts and chemical processes, allowing us to obtain new structural materials, materials for flexible screens and components of drugs. Such catalytic processes meet the principles of “green chemistry”, since they allow to carry out the reaction without the use of toxic and flammable organic solvents.
Fellow of the Institute of mechanics of Moscow state University named after M. V. Lomonosov Andrei Afanasiev has created new methods of mathematical simulation of flows of fluids and gases in permeable geological formations, and developed the domestic software package for the calculation of flows in engineering problems.
Anton Buzdin from the Kurchatov Institute have managed to create a new generation of tumor markers based on the activation level of signaling pathways, and apply them for predicting the success of targeted therapy of cancer. Found approach, named Agrees, based on the analysis of activation of intracellular signaling pathways as markers in the appointment of targeted therapy.
The employee of Institute of synthetic polymer materials Russian Academy of Sciences Yuri Luponosova aimed at developing new semiconductor materials for organic electronics, conjugated oligomers with alkyldiethanolamine deputies. Organic electronics has a number of advantages over conventional electronics, since the combination of such devices are orders of magnitude more thin functional layers with such cheap methods of production as modern printing technology allows mass-produce lightweight, flexible, and highly efficient device.
Irina Shevtsova from the Moscow state University named after M. V. Lomonosov (faculty of computational mathematics and Cybernetics) was able to obtain fundamentally new results in one of the classical problems of probability theory – the study of the rate of convergence in the Central limit theorem. This task for over a hundred years have been studied by many outstanding mathematicians, and formed the opinion that there is nothing new here to be done. However, with a new view on the problem the young scientist was able to destroy this stereotype and to obtain new results.
Of the Moscow Government prize for young scientists awarded in 2013. During this time, their size has doubled from 500 thousand to 1 million rubles, and the number of awards from 8 to 33. In just 4 years in competition have taken part about 2 thousand young specialists (including participants of the contest 2016).
The decision to increase the number of awards to 33 and on improvement of the procedure of their award was adopted in February of this year. “The number of awards to young scientists has increased to 33. How many of them award in the same category, can now be addressed by a special Committee of the Department of science, industrial policy and entrepreneurship of Moscow,” – said the Mayor of Moscow Sergey Sobyanin on Twitter.
In his recent lecture at the Higher school of Economics, he stressed that the Russian capital by level of education and the development of science competes with other cities: “We see huge flows of human capital between the major centers of the world. And Moscow as a competitor in this fight, is a competitor for Tula, Yaroslavl and Tver, and for new York, London, Paris. Actually, this is the mission of Moscow. But in order to compete for human capital, for people, for knowledge, of course, it is necessary to create the appropriate unique environment that would be comfortable for living, leisure, learning and work.”
The prize of the Government of Moscow helps to increase the prestige of scientific activity among youth, said Deputy mayor Natalia Sergunina at the ceremony of awarding the winners. “Moscow – a city of ideas and enterprising people, – said Natalia. – This is evidenced by, first, increasing every year the number of applications for the award. In 2016 they received 575 is 1.5 times more than in 2015.
And secondly, this is confirmed by statistics. Moscow accounts for almost 20% of organizations involved in scientific research and development, 43% of the patent applications for inventions in our country, 56.5% of revenues from exports of technology.”